Destination (60 km)

  • Echmiadzin
  • St. Hripsime church
  • St. Gayane church
  • Mother Cathedral of Holy Echmiadzin
  • Zvartnots church

 Duration

  • 5 hours

The tour package includes:

  • Transportation
  • Professional guide service
  • Meals

The tour package price is set according to the number of participants and the requested services.

 

For further information please contact us by:

email : info@extra.am
Phone: (+374) 95 656 956

(+374) 55 656 956

Telegram: (+374) 95 656 956
imo: (+374) 95 656 956
Viber: (+374) 55 656 956
WhatsApp : (+374) 55 656 956

 

 

St. Gayane

Zvartnots

Echmiadzin

Echmiadzin is the center of the Armenian Church. It is where the Catholicos of All Armenians lives, and the location of the Echmiadzin Cathedral. The word “Echmiadzin” means “The coming of the only-begotten”, and the cathedral was built on the very spot Grigor Lusavorich (St. Gregory the Illuminator) dreamt Jesus Himself descended to from heaven to show him where He wanted the church to be built. Echmiadzin Cathedral is the most ancient Christian temple of Armenia. It was built in 301-303.

 

Mother Cathedral of Holy Echmiadzin

According to tradition, the cathedral was built between 301 and 303 near the royal palace in the Armenian capital city of Vagarshapat on the location of a pagan temple. The Kingdom of Armenia became the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301. Today, Echmiadzin “has a cruciform plan with a central cupola, four free-standing piers, and four projecting apses which are semicircular on the interior and polygonal on the exterior. The central piers, cruciform in section, divide the interior space into nine equal square compartments. In 2000 UNESCO added Echmiadzin Cathedral, the churches of St. Hripsime, St. Gayane, Shoghakat and Zvartnots Cathedral to the list of World Heritage Sites.

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St. Hripsime Church

St. Hripsime church is situated in the eastern part of town Vagharshapat. According to a legend, Hripsime, together with Christian virgins, avoiding from the persecutions of Emperor Diokghetianos (284 ‒ 305), finds refuge in Armenia and preaches Christianity here. In Armenia she was persecuted by the great Armenian King Trdat III and was killed together with 32 virgins who were adherent of the same religion. Later, King Trdat and Gregory the Illuminator erected a chapel — semi-underground burial-vault. Hripsime church, one of the finest works of Armenian architecture of the classical period, a variant of the concentrically domed composition, stands on a slight elevation, at the eastern edge of Echmiadzin City. This kind of composition is characteristic only of the Christian countries of the Transcaucasus. St. Hripsime church, completed in 618, is a vivid example of a structure distinguished by the unity of layout and decoration in which the central-dome system is brought to perfection. The interior layout is subordinated to the vertical axis of the undercupola space, which makes it crystal-clear and solemnly monumental.

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St. Gayane Church

St. Gayane church located within walking distance from the Echmiadzin Cathedral of 301. It is a 7th-century church, the religious center of Armenia. St. Gayane was built by Catholicos Ezra I in the year 630. Its design has remained unchanged despite partial renovations of the dome and some ceilings in 1652.

Gayane was the name of an abbess who was martyred with other nuns by King Tiridates III in the year 301, and subsequently made a saint of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

In 2000, Saint Gayane Church was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites along with historical churches of Vagharshapat.

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Zvartnots

Zvartnots, a complex of structures erected in the middle of the 7th century near Echmiadzin, is of extreme architectural value.

The complex consisted of St. George temple or Zvartnots (“vigil forces”, “celestial angels”) and the palace of Catholicos Nerses Ill, known as “Builder”. Zvartnots lay in ruins as early as in the tenth century. According to this reconstruction, the building consisted of three polyhedrons. The lower one being 32-hedral, and the upper one 16-hedral and crowned with a cone-shaped cupola. The central part of the interior had the shape of a tetraconch in the plan. In the joints between the apses there were mighty pylons which supported the drum of the cupola by means of spherical pendentives.

 Zvartnots

For further information please contact us by:

email : info@extra.am
Phone: (+374) 95 656 956

(+374) 55 656 956

Telegram: (+374) 95 656 956
imo: (+374) 95 656 956
Viber: (+374) 55 656 956
WhatsApp : (+374) 55 656 956