Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia is a sovereign, democratic, social, rule of law state. Armenia located in Western Asia, on the Armenian Highland, between the Black and Caspian Seas. Armenia is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan’s exclave of Nakhichivan to the south.
The Republic of Armenia constitutes only one-tenth of historical Armenia.
The Republic of Armenia, covering an area of 29,743 square kilometres (11,484 sq mi). The terrain is mostly mountainous, with fast flowing rivers and few forests.
Average Altitude above Sea Level is 1,800 meters. Highest Mountain Peak is Aragats Mountain (4,090 meters)
Armenia is rich in copper, iron, bauxite, molybdenum, gold, silver, lead and zinc.
Armenia is divided into ten provinces (marz), with the city of Yerevan having special administrative status as the country’s capital.
Armenia has a population of 3 000 000.
Armenia has a relatively large external diaspora (7 million by some estimates), with communities existing across the globe. The largest Armenian communities outside of Armenia can be found in Russia, France, Iran, the United States, Georgia, Syria, Lebanon, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Greece, Israel, Poland, Ukraine and Brazil.
Largest cities in Armenia are Yerevan, Gyumri, Vanadzor.
Armenian is the only official language.
Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion, an event traditionally dated to AD 301.
Armenians have their own distinctive alphabet and language. The alphabet was invented in AD 405 by Mesrop Mashtots and consists of thirty-nine letters, three of which were added during the Cilician period.
Armenian cuisine is as ancient as the history of Armenia, a combination of different tastes and aromas. Armenian cuisine includes the foods and cooking techniques of the Armenian people, the Armenian Diaspora and traditional Armenian foods and dishes. Famous Armenian dishes are Dolma, Khashlama, Qyufta, Kololake, Panrakhashe, Aveluk etc.
There are currently three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Armenia: Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin, Cathedral and Churches of Echmiadzin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots, Monastery of Geghard and the Azat Valley.
The most visited sites in Armenia are:
Khor Virap monastery, built in 17th century. The monastery is one of the most famous pilgrimage sites in Armenia. From the monastery one can admire the beautiful view to the Biblical Mount Ararat.
Noravank monastery located not far from Areni village, in one of beautiful corner of Vayots Dzor region. In the surrounding area are also caves, in one of them was found 5500-year-old leather shoe.
Tatev is a 9th-century monastery located in Syunik Province. The entire complex is located on an impregnable precipice thrust over the Tatev and Vorotan gorges. Sheer rock walls and deep hills drom 700-800 meters to the river floor, making the site impervious to invasions on two sides.
Lake Sevan is situated in the central part of Armenia, in the Gegharkunik Province, at the altitude of 1,900 m (6,200 ft) above sea level. The most famous cultural monument is the Sevanavank monastery located on the peninsula.
Dilijan we can say Armenian Switzerland, it is one of the most important resorts of Armenia, situated within the Dilijan Natioanl Park.
Tsaghkadzor is a spa and resort town located 50 km north of the capital Yerevan in the Kotayk Province. It is surrounded with alpine meadows. The town is situated on the southeastern slope of Mount Teghenis, at a height of 1841 meters above sea level.