Amberd was erected in the historical Province of Aragatsotn, presently 7 km north-west from Byurakan village of Ashtarak Region. It is located on the southern slope of Mount Aragats, at the junction point of the Arkashen and Amberd Rivers, on a triangular cape. The exact date of Amberd’s foundation is unknown. Some scholars relate its foundation to the Cyclopean period and the others — to the Uratian and early medieval periods. According to the results of the excavations and historical-archeological researches, the stronghold of Amberd is dated at the X‒XIII cc.  Fortress was concluded from the results of the researches of the ruins of the basalt-built complex, located in the high-positioned place of the town-stronghold.